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2015年12月英語四級聽力真題 第1套

Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end ofeach conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both theconversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will bea pause.During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C,and D.and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer .Sheet I with a single line through the center.

1.A.They admire the courage of space explorers.

B.They were going to watch a wonderful movie.

C.They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.

D.They like doing scientific exploration very much.

2.A.In a school library.

B.At a gift shop.

C.In the office of a travel agency.

D.At a graduation ceremony.

3.A.He used to work in the art gallery.

B.He does not have a good memory.

C.He is not interested in any part-time jobs.

D.He declined a job offer from the art gallery.

4.A.He will be unable to attend the birthday party.

B.The woman should have informed him earlier.

C.He will go to the birthday party after the lecture.

D.Susan has been invited to give a lecture tomorrow.

5.A.Set a deadline for the staff to meet.

B.Assign more workers to the project.

C.Reward those having made good progress.

D.Encourage the staff to work in small groups.

6.A.Where she can leave her car.

B.The rate for parking in Lot C.

C.How far away the parking lot is.

D.The way to the visitor's parking.

7.A.He regrets missing the classes.

B.He has benefited from exercise.

C.He plans to take the fitness classes.

D.He is looking forward to a better life.

8.A.How to select secretaries.

B.How to raise work efficiency.

C.The responsibilities of secretaries.

D.The secretaries in the man's company.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.A.It is used by more people than English.

B.It is more difficult to learn than English.

C.It will be as commonly used as English.

D.It will eventually become a world language.

10.A.Its popularity with the common people.

B.The effect of the Industrial Revolution.

C.The influence of the British Empire.

D.Its loan words from many languages.

11.A.It has a growing number of newly coined words.

B.It includes a lot of words from other languages.

C.It is the largest among all languages in the world.

D.It can be easily picked up by overseas travelers.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12.A.To place an order.

B.To apply for a job.

C.To return some goods.

D.To make a complaint.

13.A.He works on a part-time basis for the company.

B.He has not worked in the sales department for long.

C.He is not familiar with the exact details of the goods.

D.He has become somewhat impatient with the woman.

14.A.It is not his responsibility.

B.It will be free for large orders.

C.It depends on a number of factors.

D.It costs£15 more for express delivery.

15.A.Make inquiries with some other companies.

B.Report the information to her superior.

C.Pay a visit to the saleswoman in charge.

D.Ring back when she comes to a decision.

  Section B

  Directions,In this section, you will hear 3 short passages.At the end of each passage, you will hearsome questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After youhear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B,C.and D .Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single linethrough the center.

Passage One

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.A.No one knows for sure when they came into being.

B.No one knows exactly where they were first made.

C.No one knows for what purpose they were invented.

D.No one knows what they will look like in the future.

17.A.Measure the speed of wind.

B.Give warnings of danger.

C.Pass on secret messages.

D.Carry ropes across rivers.

18.A.To find out the strength of silk for kites.

B.To test the effects of the lightning rod.

C.To prove that lightning is electricity.

D.To protect houses against lightning.

Passage Two

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19.A.She was born with a talent for languages.

B.She was tainted to be an interpreter.

C.She can speak several languages.

D.She enjoys teaching languages.

20.A.They want to learn as many foreign languages as possible.

B.They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

C.They acquire an immunity to culture shock.

D.They would like to live abroad permanently.

21.A.She became an expert in horse racing.

B.She learned to appreciate classical music.

C.She was able to translate for a German sports judge.

D.She got a chance to visit several European countries.

22.A.Take part in a cooking competition.

B.Taste the beef and give her comment.

C.Teach vocabulary for food in English.

D.Give cooking lessons on Western food.

Passage Three

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

23.A.He had only a third-grade education.

B.He once threatened to kill his teacher.

C.He often helped his mother do housework.

D.He grew up in a poor single-parent family.

24.A.Stupid.

B.Active.

C.Brave.

D.Careless.

25.A.Watch educational TV programs only.

B.Write two book reports a week.

C.Help with housework.

D.Keep a diary.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the firsttime, you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for thesecond time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have justheard.Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what youhave written.

  When you look up at the night sky, what do you see? There are other(26) bodies out therebesides the moon and stars.One of the most(27) of these is a comet (彗星).

Comets were formed around the same time the Earth was formed.They are(28) ice and otherfrozen liquids and gases.(29)these "dirty snowballs" begin to orbit the sun, just as the planets do.

  As a comet gets closer to the sun, some gases in it begin to unfreeze.They(30)dust particlesfrom the comet to form a huge cloud.As the comet gets even nearer to the sun, a solar wind blows thecloud behind the comet, thus forming its tail.The tall and the(31)fuzzy (模糊的) atmospherearound a comet are(32)that can help identify this(33)in the night sky.

  In any given year, about a dozen known comets come close to the sun in their orbits.The averageperson can't see them all, of course.Usually there is only one or two a year bright enough to be seenwith the(34 )eye.Comet Hale-Bopp, discovered in 1995, was an unusually bright comet.Its orbitbrought it(35)close to the Earth, within 122 million miles of it.But Hale-Bopp came a long way onits earthly visit.It won't be back for another four thousand years or so.

  參考答案

  1.C.四個選項的主語均為they.且選項動詞多表達情感.通過選項中的space explorers,movie,space exploration等間可以判斷.本題意在考查說話者對太空探險或電影的評價.

  男士詢問女士是否還記得他們上個月看的那部關于太空探險的精彩電影,女士表示這是她看過的關于太空探險題材的印象最深的一部電影.通過對話中的wonderful film和the most impressiveone等關鍵詞可知,他們非常喜歡男士所提及的那部關于太空探險的電影.故答案為C.

  2.B.四個選項中出現了school library.gift shop.travel agency和graduation ceremony等表示地點或場合的詞匯,可以推測對話旨在考查事件發生的地點.

  女士詢問男士是否在找什么特別之物.男士說他兒子即將高中畢業.他想送給孩子一件有意義的東西.由此可知,對話可能發生在禮品店.男士準備買件特別的禮物送給兒子,故答案為B.

  3.D.四個選項均以he開頭,且出現了work,part.joblessness,ajob offer等詞,由此可以推測本題考查的內容與男士的工作有關.

  男士說麥克告訴他在美術館找工作的事無果而終.女士表示懷疑,因為她聽說麥克曾有機會在那里工作,但是被他拒絕了.由此呵知.麥克放棄了在美術館的工作,并非是無果而終,declined一詞是原文turneddown的同義轉換.故答案為D..

  4.A.四個選項中兩次出現birthday party,町以推測對話與生日派對有關.各選項的主語為he,the woman,Susan,聽音時應特別注意主語與birthday party的關系.

  女士詢問男士明天晚上能否參加蘇珊的生日派對,男士說自己明天有個講座,因此無法分身,也就是無法參加蘇珊的生日派對,故答案為A..

  5.A.四個選項均為動詞短語,且出現了deadline,staff,workers,project,work等與工作相關的詞匯,故而推測本題考查的內容與員工或工作有關.

  女士詢問男士對員工的工作進度慢是否感到不滿,男士表示贊同,并打算給員工設定期限并讓他們遵守,故答案為A..

  6.D.四個選項中出現了car,parking,lot等詞,由此可知,本題考查的內容與停車場有關.

  女士問男士訪客停車場在哪里,她的車停那里了,男士說就在那邊的C區停車場.由此可推斷,女士想知道如何去訪客停車場,故答案為D.

  7.B.四個選項均以he作主語,且出現了classes,exercise,fitness classes等詞,可以推測對話內容與男士的健身有關.

  女士夸贊男士自從上健身課以來氣色不錯,男士說他從未感覺像現在這樣好.由此可以推測,男士認為自己在健身活動中獲益匪淺,故答案為B..

  8.D.四個選項中出現了secretaries,work efficiency,responsibilities,company等詞,由此可以判斷本題內容與公司秘書的工作有關,可能會探討如何選秘書、如何提高工作效率、秘書的職責等問題.

  女士對男士秘書的工作效率大加贊賞,男士說他們公司只選擇最棒的人當秘書,他們的工作量大、責任重.由此可知,對話雙方在評價男士公司的秘書,因此答案為D.

  9.What does the man say about Chinese?

  A.女士詢問男士為什么說英語會成為世界語言,男士說原因之一是因為英語應用廣泛,使用人數僅次于漢語,也就是說使用漢語的人數比使用英語的人數多,故答案為A..

  10.What made English a widely used language?

  C.女士詢問男士英語使用者如此之多的原因,男士說大英帝國和美國的影響是主要原因,故C.“大英帝國的影響”是原因之一,為本題答案.

  11.What is said to be special about English vocabulary?

  B.對話中女士說許多學生認為英語難學,男士表示贊同,但同時認為英語有兩大優勢,其一就是詞匯的國際化,英語中含有德語、荷蘭語、法語、西班牙語、意大利語等多國語言的詞匯.由此可知,英語詞匯的特點是國際化,它包含了許多其他語言的詞匯,故答案為B.

  12.What is the womem’s purpose in making the phone call?

  A.對話中女士打銷售部的電話,其目的是想為她們的工作室添置家具.由此推斷,女士打電話是為了訂貨,故答案為A..

  13.What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

  C.女士詢問畫板報價是否包括增值稅,男士表示不太肯定;女士又問及畫板的材質.男士也不清楚.由此可推測,男士并不十分了解他們的貨物.故答案為C..

  14.What does the mall say about delivery?

  C.女士詢問了畫板的價格和材質后,又詢問了貨物運送的情況,男士說這得看他們的工作情況和訂單的數量等.由此可推測,貨物的運送是由多種因素決定的,故答案為C.

  15.What does the woman say she will possibly do tomorrow?

  D.女士說除了畫板之外,她們還需要畫筆、油墨、尺子和畫紙等材料,但被告知負責相關業務的

  人員不在,因此女士打算明天再打電話咨詢相關事宜.由此可知,女士計劃做完決定后再打電話聯系,故答案為D.

  16.What does the speaker say about kites?

  A.短文開篇便提到“沒有人知道風箏問世多久了”,后面接著說道,數百年前人們就開始使用風箏,2,500多年前風箏在中國非常出名.由此可知,人們不確定的是風箏是何時問世的,因此A.為答案.

  17.What did ancient Chinese use kites to do?

  D.文章提到風箏的幾種用途,比如在古代中國,風箏用于將繩索穿過小河從而懸起木橋,此外風箏還用于戰斗中,因此D.為答案.

  18.Why did Benjamin Franklin fly a kite in the storm?

  C.短文中提到富蘭克林也曾經放過風箏,他放風箏的目的是證實雷電也是電,因此C.為答案.

  19.What does the speaker say about herself?

  C.短文開頭部分提到她學習過幾種外語,但不像那些專業翻譯人員那樣熟練.由此可以推測,她會講幾種外語,故答案為C.

  20.What does the speaker say about many people who have lived overseas for a while?

  B.短文中提到,像其他很多曾經在國外待過一段時間的人一樣,她非常喜歡跨文化交際,甚至難以想象沒有跨文化交際的職業和社交生活是什么樣子的,因此答案為B..

  21.How did the speaker’s experience of living in Vienna benefit her?

  C.說話者提到,因為她熟悉外語,她獲得了一些難得的機會.她舉例說,從維也納回來之后,她被邀請在奧運會馬術比賽中為德國裁判做翻譯,因此答案為C.

  22.What Was the speaker asked to do in the Japanese studio?

  B.說話者最后提到自己在日本的經歷,她在美食節目錄制現場當觀眾,被邀請到臺上品嘗牛肉并做出評價,她對這段經歷興奮不已,因此答案為B.

  23.What do we learn about Ben Carson?

  D.短文開頭就提到本·卡森的基本情況,他成長在一個貧困的單親家庭,因此答案為D..

  24.What did Ben Carson’s classmates and teachers think of him when he Was first at school?

  A.短文提到,本·卡森的母親只上到三年級,做著兩份清洗廁所的工作.同學和老師都覺得本·卡森是班里最笨的孩子,因此答案為A..

  25.What did Ben Carson's mother tell him to do when he was a school boy?

  B.短文提到,本·卡森脾氣不好,有一次還威脅說要殺死另一個同學,母親認為必須制定規矩對他嚴加管教才行.這些規矩包括:每周只看兩次電視節目,完成作業后才能和朋友玩耍,一周讀兩本書并寫出讀書報告,因此答案為B.

  26.heavenly.此處應該填人形容詞修飾名詞bodies.空格處與下文的the moon and stars和comet形成對照.heavenly意為“天空的”,heavenly body意為“天體”.

  27.fascinating.此處應該填入形容詞, 與前面的most構成最高級.fascinating意為"迷人的,吸引人的”.

  28.made up of.此處應填入過去分詞或短語與空格前的are一起構成被動語態.be made up of意為“由……組成”.

  29.Now and then.此處應填入狀語成分.now and then意為“偶爾,有時”.

  30.combine with.此處應該填入動詞或動詞短語作謂語.combine with意為“與……結合”.

  31.generally.此處應填入副詞,修飾形容詞fuzzy.generally意為“通?!?

  32.characteristics.此處應該填入名詞,作that can help identify…這一定語從句的先行詞.characteristics意為“特征”.

  33.phenomenon.此處應該填入名詞,作動詞identify的賓語.phenomenon意為“現象”.

  34.naked.此處應該填入形容詞,修飾eye.naked意為“裸的”,naked eye是常用搭配,意為“肉眼”.

  35.relatively.此處應該填入副詞,修飾形容詞close.relatively意為“相對地”.
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